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public class: JTextField [javadoc | source]

All Implemented Interfaces:
    SwingConstants, Scrollable, Accessible, HasGetTransferHandler, Serializable, MenuContainer, ImageObserver

Direct Known Subclasses:
    ChecklistChooser, JComboTree, BorderlessTextField, NumberField, DefaultTextField, UpperCaseField, JFormattedTextField, NumberTextField, FieldTextField, MultiplexingTextField, JPasswordField

JTextField is a lightweight component that allows the editing of a single line of text. For information on and examples of using text fields, see How to Use Text Fields in The Java Tutorial.

JTextField is intended to be source-compatible with java.awt.TextField where it is reasonable to do so. This component has capabilities not found in the java.awt.TextField class. The superclass should be consulted for additional capabilities.

JTextField has a method to establish the string used as the command string for the action event that gets fired. The java.awt.TextField used the text of the field as the command string for the ActionEvent. JTextField will use the command string set with the setActionCommand method if not null, otherwise it will use the text of the field as a compatibility with java.awt.TextField.

The method setEchoChar and getEchoChar are not provided directly to avoid a new implementation of a pluggable look-and-feel inadvertently exposing password characters. To provide password-like services a separate class JPasswordField extends JTextField to provide this service with an independently pluggable look-and-feel.

The java.awt.TextField could be monitored for changes by adding a TextListener for TextEvent's. In the JTextComponent based components, changes are broadcasted from the model via a DocumentEvent to DocumentListeners. The DocumentEvent gives the location of the change and the kind of change if desired. The code fragment might look something like:

    DocumentListener myListener = ??;
    JTextField myArea = ??;

The horizontal alignment of JTextField can be set to be left justified, leading justified, centered, right justified or trailing justified. Right/trailing justification is useful if the required size of the field text is smaller than the size allocated to it. This is determined by the setHorizontalAlignment and getHorizontalAlignment methods. The default is to be leading justified.

How the text field consumes VK_ENTER events depends on whether the text field has any action listeners. If so, then VK_ENTER results in the listeners getting an ActionEvent, and the VK_ENTER event is consumed. This is compatible with how AWT text fields handle VK_ENTER events. If the text field has no action listeners, then as of v 1.3 the VK_ENTER event is not consumed. Instead, the bindings of ancestor components are processed, which enables the default button feature of JFC/Swing to work.

Customized fields can easily be created by extending the model and changing the default model provided. For example, the following piece of code will create a field that holds only upper case characters. It will work even if text is pasted into from the clipboard or it is altered via programmatic changes.

 public class UpperCaseField extends JTextField {
     public UpperCaseField(int cols) {
     protected Document createDefaultModel() {
         return new UpperCaseDocument();
     static class UpperCaseDocument extends PlainDocument {
         public void insertString(int offs, String str, AttributeSet a)
             throws BadLocationException {
             if (str == null) {
             char[] upper = str.toCharArray();
             for (int i = 0; i < upper.length; i++) {
                 upper[i] = Character.toUpperCase(upper[i]);
             super.insertString(offs, new String(upper), a);

Warning: Swing is not thread safe. For more information see Swing's Threading Policy.

Warning: Serialized objects of this class will not be compatible with future Swing releases. The current serialization support is appropriate for short term storage or RMI between applications running the same version of Swing. As of 1.4, support for long term storage of all JavaBeansTM has been added to the java.beans package. Please see java.beans.XMLEncoder .

Nested Class Summary:
static class  JTextField.NotifyAction   
class  JTextField.ScrollRepainter   
protected class  JTextField.AccessibleJTextField  This class implements accessibility support for the JTextField class. It provides an implementation of the Java Accessibility API appropriate to text field user-interface elements.

Warning: Serialized objects of this class will not be compatible with future Swing releases. The current serialization support is appropriate for short term storage or RMI between applications running the same version of Swing. As of 1.4, support for long term storage of all JavaBeansTM has been added to the java.beans package. Please see {@link java.beans.XMLEncoder}. 

Field Summary
public static final  String notifyAction    Name of the action to send notification that the contents of the field have been accepted. Typically this is bound to a carriage-return. 
Fields inherited from javax.swing.text.JTextComponent:
Fields inherited from javax.swing.JComponent:
Fields inherited from java.awt.Container:
layoutMgr,  containerListener,  listeningChildren,  listeningBoundsChildren,  descendantsCount,  preserveBackgroundColor,  INCLUDE_SELF,  SEARCH_HEAVYWEIGHTS,  modalComp,  modalAppContext
Fields inherited from java.awt.Component:
peer,  parent,  appContext,  x,  y,  width,  height,  foreground,  background,  font,  peerFont,  cursor,  locale,  bufferStrategy,  ignoreRepaint,  visible,  enabled,  dropTarget,  popups,  focusTraversalKeys,  LOCK,  minSize,  minSizeSet,  prefSize,  prefSizeSet,  maxSize,  maxSizeSet,  componentOrientation,  newEventsOnly,  componentListener,  focusListener,  hierarchyListener,  hierarchyBoundsListener,  keyListener,  mouseListener,  mouseMotionListener,  mouseWheelListener,  inputMethodListener,  windowClosingException,  actionListenerK,  adjustmentListenerK,  componentListenerK,  containerListenerK,  focusListenerK,  itemListenerK,  keyListenerK,  mouseListenerK,  mouseMotionListenerK,  mouseWheelListenerK,  textListenerK,  ownedWindowK,  windowListenerK,  inputMethodListenerK,  hierarchyListenerK,  hierarchyBoundsListenerK,  windowStateListenerK,  windowFocusListenerK,  eventMask,  isInc,  incRate,  TOP_ALIGNMENT,  CENTER_ALIGNMENT,  BOTTOM_ALIGNMENT,  LEFT_ALIGNMENT,  RIGHT_ALIGNMENT,  isPacked,  backgroundEraseDisabled,  eventCache,  accessibleContext
 public JTextField() 
 public JTextField(String text) 
    Constructs a new TextField initialized with the specified text. A default model is created and the number of columns is 0.
    text - the text to be displayed, or null
 public JTextField(int columns) 
 public JTextField(String text,
    int columns) 
    Constructs a new TextField initialized with the specified text and columns. A default model is created.
    text - the text to be displayed, or null
    columns - the number of columns to use to calculate the preferred width; if columns is set to zero, the preferred width will be whatever naturally results from the component implementation
 public JTextField(Document doc,
    String text,
    int columns) 
    Constructs a new JTextField that uses the given text storage model and the given number of columns. This is the constructor through which the other constructors feed. If the document is null, a default model is created.
    doc - the text storage to use; if this is null, a default will be provided by calling the createDefaultModel method
    text - the initial string to display, or null
    columns - the number of columns to use to calculate the preferred width >= 0; if columns is set to zero, the preferred width will be whatever naturally results from the component implementation
    IllegalArgumentException - if columns < 0
    exception: IllegalArgumentException - if columns < 0
Method from javax.swing.JTextField Summary:
actionPropertyChanged,   addActionListener,   configurePropertiesFromAction,   createActionPropertyChangeListener,   createDefaultModel,   fireActionPerformed,   getAccessibleContext,   getAction,   getActionListeners,   getActions,   getColumnWidth,   getColumns,   getHorizontalAlignment,   getHorizontalVisibility,   getPreferredSize,   getScrollOffset,   getUIClassID,   hasActionListener,   isValidateRoot,   paramString,   postActionEvent,   removeActionListener,   scrollRectToVisible,   setAction,   setActionCommand,   setColumns,   setDocument,   setFont,   setHorizontalAlignment,   setScrollOffset
Methods from javax.swing.text.JTextComponent:
addCaretListener,   addInputMethodListener,   addKeymap,   composedTextExists,   copy,   cut,   dropLocationForPoint,   fireCaretUpdate,   getAccessibleContext,   getActions,   getCaret,   getCaretColor,   getCaretListeners,   getCaretPosition,   getDisabledTextColor,   getDocument,   getDragEnabled,   getDropLocation,   getDropMode,   getFocusAccelerator,   getFocusedComponent,   getHighlighter,   getInputMethodRequests,   getKeymap,   getKeymap,   getMargin,   getNavigationFilter,   getPreferredScrollableViewportSize,   getPrintable,   getScrollableBlockIncrement,   getScrollableTracksViewportHeight,   getScrollableTracksViewportWidth,   getScrollableUnitIncrement,   getSelectedText,   getSelectedTextColor,   getSelectionColor,   getSelectionEnd,   getSelectionStart,   getText,   getText,   getToolTipText,   getUI,   isEditable,   loadKeymap,   modelToView,   moveCaretPosition,   paramString,   paste,   print,   print,   print,   processInputMethodEvent,   read,   removeCaretListener,   removeKeymap,   removeNotify,   replaceSelection,   restoreComposedText,   saveComposedText,   select,   selectAll,   setCaret,   setCaretColor,   setCaretPosition,   setComponentOrientation,   setDisabledTextColor,   setDocument,   setDragEnabled,   setDropLocation,   setDropMode,   setEditable,   setFocusAccelerator,   setHighlighter,   setKeymap,   setMargin,   setNavigationFilter,   setSelectedTextColor,   setSelectionColor,   setSelectionEnd,   setSelectionStart,   setText,   setUI,   updateInputMap,   updateUI,   viewToModel,   write
Methods from javax.swing.JComponent:
_paintImmediately,   addAncestorListener,   addNotify,   addVetoableChangeListener,   alwaysOnTop,   checkIfChildObscuredBySibling,   clientPropertyChanged,   compWriteObjectNotify,   componentInputMapChanged,   computeVisibleRect,   computeVisibleRect,   contains,   createToolTip,   disable,   dndDone,   dropLocationForPoint,   enable,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   fireVetoableChange,   getAccessibleContext,   getActionForKeyStroke,   getActionMap,   getActionMap,   getAlignmentX,   getAlignmentY,   getAncestorListeners,   getAutoscrolls,   getBaseline,   getBaselineResizeBehavior,   getBorder,   getBounds,   getClientProperty,   getComponentGraphics,   getComponentPopupMenu,   getConditionForKeyStroke,   getCreatedDoubleBuffer,   getDebugGraphicsOptions,   getDefaultLocale,   getFontMetrics,   getGraphics,   getGraphicsInvoked,   getHeight,   getInheritsPopupMenu,   getInputMap,   getInputMap,   getInputMap,   getInputVerifier,   getInsets,   getInsets,   getListeners,   getLocation,   getManagingFocusBackwardTraversalKeys,   getManagingFocusForwardTraversalKeys,   getMaximumSize,   getMinimumSize,   getNextFocusableComponent,   getPopupLocation,   getPreferredSize,   getRegisteredKeyStrokes,   getRootPane,   getSize,   getToolTipLocation,   getToolTipText,   getToolTipText,   getTopLevelAncestor,   getTransferHandler,   getUIClassID,   getVerifyInputWhenFocusTarget,   getVetoableChangeListeners,   getVisibleRect,   getWidth,   getWriteObjCounter,   getX,   getY,   grabFocus,   isDoubleBuffered,   isLightweightComponent,   isManagingFocus,   isOpaque,   isOptimizedDrawingEnabled,   isPainting,   isPaintingForPrint,   isPaintingOrigin,   isPaintingTile,   isRequestFocusEnabled,   isValidateRoot,   paint,   paintBorder,   paintChildren,   paintComponent,   paintForceDoubleBuffered,   paintImmediately,   paintImmediately,   paintToOffscreen,   paramString,   print,   printAll,   printBorder,   printChildren,   printComponent,   processComponentKeyEvent,   processKeyBinding,   processKeyBindings,   processKeyBindingsForAllComponents,   processKeyEvent,   processMouseEvent,   processMouseMotionEvent,   putClientProperty,   rectangleIsObscured,   registerKeyboardAction,   registerKeyboardAction,   removeAncestorListener,   removeNotify,   removeVetoableChangeListener,   repaint,   repaint,   requestDefaultFocus,   requestFocus,   requestFocus,   requestFocusInWindow,   requestFocusInWindow,   resetKeyboardActions,   reshape,   revalidate,   safelyGetGraphics,   safelyGetGraphics,   scrollRectToVisible,   setActionMap,   setAlignmentX,   setAlignmentY,   setAutoscrolls,   setBackground,   setBorder,   setComponentPopupMenu,   setCreatedDoubleBuffer,   setDebugGraphicsOptions,   setDefaultLocale,   setDoubleBuffered,   setDropLocation,   setEnabled,   setFocusTraversalKeys,   setFont,   setForeground,   setInheritsPopupMenu,   setInputMap,   setInputVerifier,   setMaximumSize,   setMinimumSize,   setNextFocusableComponent,   setOpaque,   setPaintingChild,   setPreferredSize,   setRequestFocusEnabled,   setToolTipText,   setTransferHandler,   setUI,   setUIProperty,   setVerifyInputWhenFocusTarget,   setVisible,   setWriteObjCounter,   shouldDebugGraphics,   superProcessMouseMotionEvent,   unregisterKeyboardAction,   update,   updateUI
Methods from java.awt.Container:
add,   add,   add,   add,   add,   addContainerListener,   addImpl,   addNotify,   addPropertyChangeListener,   addPropertyChangeListener,   adjustDecendantsOnParent,   adjustDescendants,   adjustListeningChildren,   applyComponentOrientation,   areFocusTraversalKeysSet,   canContainFocusOwner,   checkGD,   clearCurrentFocusCycleRootOnHide,   clearMostRecentFocusOwnerOnHide,   containsFocus,   countComponents,   countHierarchyMembers,   createChildHierarchyEvents,   createHierarchyEvents,   decreaseComponentCount,   deliverEvent,   dispatchEventImpl,   dispatchEventToSelf,   doLayout,   eventEnabled,   findComponentAt,   findComponentAt,   findComponentAt,   findComponentAtImpl,   getAccessibleAt,   getAccessibleChild,   getAccessibleChildrenCount,   getAlignmentX,   getAlignmentY,   getComponent,   getComponentAt,   getComponentAt,   getComponentCount,   getComponentZOrder,   getComponents,   getComponentsSync,   getComponents_NoClientCode,   getContainerListeners,   getDropTargetEventTarget,   getFocusTraversalKeys,   getFocusTraversalPolicy,   getHeavyweightContainer,   getInsets,   getLayout,   getListeners,   getMaximumSize,   getMinimumSize,   getMouseEventTarget,   getMousePosition,   getOpaqueShape,   getPreferredSize,   getTraversalRoot,   hasHeavyweightDescendants,   hasLightweightDescendants,   increaseComponentCount,   initializeFocusTraversalKeys,   insets,   invalidate,   invalidateParent,   invalidateTree,   isAncestorOf,   isFocusCycleRoot,   isFocusCycleRoot,   isFocusTraversalPolicyProvider,   isFocusTraversalPolicySet,   isRecursivelyVisibleUpToHeavyweightContainer,   isSameOrAncestorOf,   isValidateRoot,   layout,   lightweightPaint,   lightweightPrint,   list,   list,   locate,   minimumSize,   mixOnHiding,   mixOnReshaping,   mixOnShowing,   mixOnValidating,   mixOnZOrderChanging,   numListening,   paint,   paintComponents,   paintHeavyweightComponents,   paramString,   postProcessKeyEvent,   postsOldMouseEvents,   preProcessKeyEvent,   preferredSize,   print,   printComponents,   printHeavyweightComponents,   processContainerEvent,   processEvent,   proxyEnableEvents,   recursiveApplyCurrentShape,   recursiveApplyCurrentShape,   recursiveApplyCurrentShape,   recursiveSubtractAndApplyShape,   recursiveSubtractAndApplyShape,   recursiveSubtractAndApplyShape,   remove,   remove,   removeAll,   removeContainerListener,   removeNotify,   setComponentZOrder,   setFocusCycleRoot,   setFocusTraversalKeys,   setFocusTraversalPolicy,   setFocusTraversalPolicyProvider,   setFont,   setLayout,   transferFocusDownCycle,   update,   updateGraphicsData,   validate,   validateTree,   validateUnconditionally
Methods from java.awt.Component:
action,   add,   addComponentListener,   addFocusListener,   addHierarchyBoundsListener,   addHierarchyListener,   addInputMethodListener,   addKeyListener,   addMouseListener,   addMouseMotionListener,   addMouseWheelListener,   addNotify,   addPropertyChangeListener,   addPropertyChangeListener,   adjustListeningChildrenOnParent,   applyComponentOrientation,   applyCompoundShape,   applyCurrentShape,   areBoundsValid,   areFocusTraversalKeysSet,   areInputMethodsEnabled,   autoProcessMouseWheel,   bounds,   canBeFocusOwner,   canBeFocusOwnerRecursively,   checkGD,   checkImage,   checkImage,   checkTreeLock,   checkWindowClosingException,   clearCurrentFocusCycleRootOnHide,   clearMostRecentFocusOwnerOnHide,   coalesceEvents,   constructComponentName,   contains,   contains,   containsFocus,   countHierarchyMembers,   createBufferStrategy,   createBufferStrategy,   createHierarchyEvents,   createImage,   createImage,   createVolatileImage,   createVolatileImage,   deliverEvent,   disable,   disableEvents,   dispatchEvent,   dispatchEventImpl,   dispatchMouseWheelToAncestor,   doLayout,   enable,   enable,   enableEvents,   enableInputMethods,   eventEnabled,   eventTypeEnabled,   findUnderMouseInWindow,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   firePropertyChange,   getAccessControlContext,   getAccessibleContext,   getAccessibleIndexInParent,   getAccessibleStateSet,   getAlignmentX,   getAlignmentY,   getBackBuffer,   getBackground,   getBaseline,   getBaselineResizeBehavior,   getBounds,   getBounds,   getBoundsOp,   getBufferStrategy,   getColorModel,   getComponentAt,   getComponentAt,   getComponentListeners,   getComponentOrientation,   getContainer,   getContainingWindow,   getCursor,   getCursor_NoClientCode,   getDropTarget,   getFocusCycleRootAncestor,   getFocusListeners,   getFocusTraversalKeys,   getFocusTraversalKeysEnabled,   getFocusTraversalKeys_NoIDCheck,   getFont,   getFontMetrics,   getFont_NoClientCode,   getForeground,   getGraphics,   getGraphicsConfiguration,   getGraphicsConfiguration_NoClientCode,   getGraphics_NoClientCode,   getHWPeerAboveMe,   getHeight,   getHierarchyBoundsListeners,   getHierarchyListeners,   getIgnoreRepaint,   getInputContext,   getInputMethodListeners,   getInputMethodRequests,   getKeyListeners,   getListeners,   getLocale,   getLocation,   getLocation,   getLocationOnScreen,   getLocationOnScreen_NoTreeLock,   getLocationOnWindow,   getMaximumSize,   getMinimumSize,   getMouseListeners,   getMouseMotionListeners,   getMousePosition,   getMouseWheelListeners,   getName,   getNativeContainer,   getNextFocusCandidate,   getNormalShape,   getObjectLock,   getOpaqueShape,   getParent,   getParent_NoClientCode,   getPeer,   getPreferredSize,   getPropertyChangeListeners,   getPropertyChangeListeners,   getSiblingIndexAbove,   getSiblingIndexBelow,   getSize,   getSize,   getToolkit,   getToolkitImpl,   getTraversalRoot,   getTreeLock,   getWidth,   getX,   getY,   gotFocus,   handleEvent,   hasFocus,   hide,   imageUpdate,   initializeFocusTraversalKeys,   inside,   invalidate,   invalidateIfValid,   invalidateParent,   isAutoFocusTransferOnDisposal,   isBackgroundSet,   isCoalescingEnabled,   isCursorSet,   isDisplayable,   isDoubleBuffered,   isEnabled,   isEnabledImpl,   isFocusCycleRoot,   isFocusOwner,   isFocusTraversable,   isFocusTraversableOverridden,   isFocusable,   isFontSet,   isForegroundSet,   isInstanceOf,   isLightweight,   isMaximumSizeSet,   isMinimumSizeSet,   isMixingNeeded,   isNonOpaqueForMixing,   isOpaque,   isPreferredSizeSet,   isRecursivelyVisible,   isSameOrAncestorOf,   isShowing,   isValid,   isVisible,   isVisible_NoClientCode,   keyDown,   keyUp,   layout,   lightweightPaint,   lightweightPrint,   list,   list,   list,   list,   list,   locate,   location,   lostFocus,   minimumSize,   mixOnHiding,   mixOnReshaping,   mixOnShowing,   mixOnValidating,   mixOnZOrderChanging,   mouseDown,   mouseDrag,   mouseEnter,   mouseExit,   mouseMove,   mouseUp,   move,   nextFocus,   numListening,   paint,   paintAll,   paintHeavyweightComponents,   paramString,   pointRelativeToComponent,   postEvent,   postsOldMouseEvents,   preferredSize,   prepareImage,   prepareImage,   print,   printAll,   printHeavyweightComponents,   processComponentEvent,   processEvent,   processFocusEvent,   processHierarchyBoundsEvent,   processHierarchyEvent,   processInputMethodEvent,   processKeyEvent,   processMouseEvent,   processMouseMotionEvent,   processMouseWheelEvent,   relocateComponent,   remove,   removeComponentListener,   removeFocusListener,   removeHierarchyBoundsListener,   removeHierarchyListener,   removeInputMethodListener,   removeKeyListener,   removeMouseListener,   removeMouseMotionListener,   removeMouseWheelListener,   removeNotify,   removePropertyChangeListener,   removePropertyChangeListener,   repaint,   repaint,   repaint,   repaint,   requestFocus,   requestFocus,   requestFocus,   requestFocus,   requestFocusHelper,   requestFocusHelper,   requestFocusInWindow,   requestFocusInWindow,   requestFocusInWindow,   requestFocusInWindow,   reshape,   resize,   resize,   revalidate,   setAutoFocusTransferOnDisposal,   setBackground,   setBounds,   setBounds,   setBoundsOp,   setComponentOrientation,   setCursor,   setDropTarget,   setEnabled,   setFocusTraversalKeys,   setFocusTraversalKeysEnabled,   setFocusTraversalKeys_NoIDCheck,   setFocusable,   setFont,   setForeground,   setGraphicsConfiguration,   setIgnoreRepaint,   setLocale,   setLocation,   setLocation,   setMaximumSize,   setMinimumSize,   setName,   setPreferredSize,   setRequestFocusController,   setSize,   setSize,   setVisible,   show,   show,   size,   subtractAndApplyShape,   subtractAndApplyShapeBelowMe,   toString,   transferFocus,   transferFocus,   transferFocusBackward,   transferFocusBackward,   transferFocusUpCycle,   update,   updateCursorImmediately,   updateGraphicsData,   updateZOrder,   validate
Methods from java.lang.Object:
clone,   equals,   finalize,   getClass,   hashCode,   notify,   notifyAll,   toString,   wait,   wait,   wait
Method from javax.swing.JTextField Detail:
 protected  void actionPropertyChanged(Action action,
    String propertyName) 
    Updates the textfield's state in response to property changes in associated action. This method is invoked from the {@code PropertyChangeListener} returned from {@code createActionPropertyChangeListener}. Subclasses do not normally need to invoke this. Subclasses that support additional {@code Action} properties should override this and {@code configurePropertiesFromAction}.

    Refer to the table at Swing Components Supporting Action for a list of the properties this method sets.

 public synchronized  void addActionListener(ActionListener l) 
    Adds the specified action listener to receive action events from this textfield.
 protected  void configurePropertiesFromAction(Action a) 
 protected PropertyChangeListener createActionPropertyChangeListener(Action a) 
    Creates and returns a PropertyChangeListener that is responsible for listening for changes from the specified Action and updating the appropriate properties.

    Warning: If you subclass this do not create an anonymous inner class. If you do the lifetime of the textfield will be tied to that of the Action.

 protected Document createDefaultModel() 
    Creates the default implementation of the model to be used at construction if one isn't explicitly given. An instance of PlainDocument is returned.
 protected  void fireActionPerformed() 
    Notifies all listeners that have registered interest for notification on this event type. The event instance is lazily created. The listener list is processed in last to first order.
 public AccessibleContext getAccessibleContext() 
    Gets the AccessibleContext associated with this JTextField. For JTextFields, the AccessibleContext takes the form of an AccessibleJTextField. A new AccessibleJTextField instance is created if necessary.
 public Action getAction() 
    Returns the currently set Action for this ActionEvent source, or null if no Action is set.
 public synchronized ActionListener[] getActionListeners() 
    Returns an array of all the ActionListeners added to this JTextField with addActionListener().
 public Action[] getActions() 
    Fetches the command list for the editor. This is the list of commands supported by the plugged-in UI augmented by the collection of commands that the editor itself supports. These are useful for binding to events, such as in a keymap.
 protected int getColumnWidth() 
    Returns the column width. The meaning of what a column is can be considered a fairly weak notion for some fonts. This method is used to define the width of a column. By default this is defined to be the width of the character m for the font used. This method can be redefined to be some alternative amount
 public int getColumns() 
    Returns the number of columns in this TextField.
 public int getHorizontalAlignment() 
    Returns the horizontal alignment of the text. Valid keys are:
    • JTextField.LEFT
    • JTextField.CENTER
    • JTextField.RIGHT
    • JTextField.LEADING
    • JTextField.TRAILING
 public BoundedRangeModel getHorizontalVisibility() 
    Gets the visibility of the text field. This can be adjusted to change the location of the visible area if the size of the field is greater than the area that was allocated to the field.

    The fields look-and-feel implementation manages the values of the minimum, maximum, and extent properties on the BoundedRangeModel.

 public Dimension getPreferredSize() 
    Returns the preferred size Dimensions needed for this TextField. If a non-zero number of columns has been set, the width is set to the columns multiplied by the column width.
 public int getScrollOffset() 
    Gets the scroll offset, in pixels.
 public String getUIClassID() 
    Gets the class ID for a UI.
 boolean hasActionListener() 
    Returns true if the receiver has an ActionListener installed.
 public boolean isValidateRoot() 
    Calls to revalidate that come from within the textfield itself will be handled by validating the textfield, unless the textfield is contained within a JViewport, in which case this returns false.
 protected String paramString() 
    Returns a string representation of this JTextField. This method is intended to be used only for debugging purposes, and the content and format of the returned string may vary between implementations. The returned string may be empty but may not be null.
 public  void postActionEvent() 
    Processes action events occurring on this textfield by dispatching them to any registered ActionListener objects. This is normally called by the controller registered with textfield.
 public synchronized  void removeActionListener(ActionListener l) 
    Removes the specified action listener so that it no longer receives action events from this textfield.
 public  void scrollRectToVisible(Rectangle r) 
    Scrolls the field left or right.
 public  void setAction(Action a) 
    Sets the Action for the ActionEvent source. The new Action replaces any previously set Action but does not affect ActionListeners independently added with addActionListener. If the Action is already a registered ActionListener for the ActionEvent source, it is not re-registered.

    Setting the Action results in immediately changing all the properties described in Swing Components Supporting Action. Subsequently, the textfield's properties are automatically updated as the Action's properties change.

    This method uses three other methods to set and help track the Action's property values. It uses the configurePropertiesFromAction method to immediately change the textfield's properties. To track changes in the Action's property values, this method registers the PropertyChangeListener returned by createActionPropertyChangeListener. The default {@code PropertyChangeListener} invokes the {@code actionPropertyChanged} method when a property in the {@code Action} changes.

 public  void setActionCommand(String command) 
    Sets the command string used for action events.
 public  void setColumns(int columns) 
    Sets the number of columns in this TextField, and then invalidate the layout.
 public  void setDocument(Document doc) 
    Associates the editor with a text document. The currently registered factory is used to build a view for the document, which gets displayed by the editor after revalidation. A PropertyChange event ("document") is propagated to each listener.
 public  void setFont(Font f) 
    Sets the current font. This removes cached row height and column width so the new font will be reflected. revalidate is called after setting the font.
 public  void setHorizontalAlignment(int alignment) 
    Sets the horizontal alignment of the text. Valid keys are:
    • JTextField.LEFT
    • JTextField.CENTER
    • JTextField.RIGHT
    • JTextField.LEADING
    • JTextField.TRAILING
    invalidate and repaint are called when the alignment is set, and a PropertyChange event ("horizontalAlignment") is fired.
 public  void setScrollOffset(int scrollOffset) 
    Sets the scroll offset, in pixels.